Qualitative research UGC NET Paper 1
|✰ Qualitative approach to research is concerned with subjective assessment of attitudes, opinions and behaviour.
|✰ Qualitative research is basically inductive in nature and has a very different structure. The researcher starts with a tentative idea or question and these questions become more specific with progress in research.
|✰ Thus, in qualitative research, one starts with observation and ends with a theoretical position or stance. Thus, it is inductive in nature, i.e., the research moves from specific to theory.
|✰ It follows post positivism approach of research.
|✰ It’s concern with process rather than simply with outcomes.
|✰ Also called flexible research/ unstructured research.
|✰ In qualitative research, less role of review of literature.
|✰ Since, it uses non-probability sampling technique to collect sample data, it has less sample size.
|✰ Research is conducted on natural settings.
|✰ It is used for exploration and initial understanding development.
The important methods and approaches used in qualitative research have been discussed below.
3. In-depth interview
4. Focus group
5. Narrative research
6. Case study research
7. Grounded theory
|✰ The ethnography is one of the major types of qualitative research methods used in social sciences, especially in anthropology. It is the process of studying and describing a culture (a culture is the shared attitudes, values, norms, practises, language and material things of a group of people).
|✰ It is a form of qualitative research in which the researcher attempts to understand how individuals experience a phenomenon. What was the phenomenon and how people experienced it.
|✰ It is the study of a particular phenomenon through interviews of people who have experienced it to find out the similarities between their experiences.
|✰ For example, interviewing 10 infected corona people and asking them to describe their experiences. Net exam
3. In-depth interview:
|✰ It is a personal interview that is carried out with one respondent at a time. Though it is systematically planned, it may have unstructured elements as well.
|✰ The researcher prepares questions in advance to make sure that only the most important questions are asked to the participant.
|✰ If the researcher is well experienced asking the right questions can help him/her collect meaningful data.
|✰ The interview can last anywhere between twenty minutes to half an hour.
4. Focus group:
|✰ A focus group usually includes 6–10 participants who are usually subject matter experts.
|✰ A moderator, usually an experienced person, is assigned to a focus group to facilitate the discussion. The role of a moderator is to probe the participants by asking the correct research questions so as to collect research related information.
|✰ This method is very useful when it comes to market research on new products and testing new concepts.
5. Narrative research:
|✰ This method focuses on spoken or written words or visual representations by people.
|✰ This model is helpful in understanding the ways in which people represent them and their experiences to a wider audience.
|✰ It is a kind of cohesive story telling method.
|✰ All kinds of biography and autography comes under Narrative research.
6. Case study research:
|✰ Case studies are in-depth examinations of people or groups of people.
|✰ Case studies are time consuming and may be quite costly.
|✰ Case study method is used in the areas like education sector, social sciences, management, philosophical and psychological and similar.
|✰ This research method has evolved over the years as one of the most valuable qualitative research methods.
|✰ This method involves a deep digging into the developments and collects data.
7. Grounded theory:
|✰ It is a qualitative approach to generate and develop a theory from data that the researcher collects.
|✰ It develops a theory from ground base(zero)
|✰ It is involved in the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data. The grounded theory model uses the analysed data to develop different theories regarding the topic of research.
|✰ Role play, simulation and diary methods are also used in qualitative research.
You Should Descriptive research for Better Performance
You should learn previous year solution on this topic. GO Below ☟
|Research Content :
- Introduction of research
- Objective of research
- Desirable Motivation
- Characteristics of research
- Positivism or postpositivism of research